1690 - 1766
(Land steward to the archbishop of Cashel)
1725 - 1803 (Founder of the brewery at St James' Gate)
Samuel Guinness, 1727 - 1795
Guinness, 1765 - 1841 (Rector of St Werburgh's
Dublin for 30 years)
Guinness II, 1768 - 1855 (Took over management
of the family brewery)
1772 - 1833 (Dublin Solicitor)
Oliva Guinness, 1775 -
Benjamin Guinness, 1777 - 1826
Louisa Guinness, 1781 - 1809
Mary Anne Guinness, 1787 -
William Lunell Guinness 1779 - 1842
John Grattan Guinness
Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness, 1798 - 1868 (Head
brewer and heir to family brewery, 1st Bart of St James' Gate)
Anne Lee Guinness, 1839 - 1889 (Married 4th Baron Plunket, Archbishop of Dublin)
Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, 1840 - 1915 (1st Baron Ardiluan)
Guinness, 1842 - 1900 (Capt of the Royal Horse
Edward Cecil Guinness, 1847 - 1927 (1st Baron
and Earl of Iveagh, became richest man in Ireland after floating the brewing
Sir Rupert Edward Cecil Lee Guinness, 1874
- 1967 (2nd Earl of Iveagh)
Dr Howard Guinness, a young Irish student missioner, was sent by the Inter-Varsity Fellowship in England (I.V.F., now Tertiary Students' Christian Fellowship or T.S.C.F. in New Zealand) to hold missions in many secondary schools throughout New Zealand. He formed "Crusader Unions" of Christian students. His "whirlwind" visit was very successful, although it lasted less than two months. Follow up was needed to establish the groups and encourage the converts.
Despite snobbish 19th century efforts to establish lineage from the old Ulster aristocratic Magennis of Iveagh family, the present Guinness family is actually descended from Richard Guinness, a Protestant commoner born around 1690 near Celbridge.
He was steward and land agent to a Church of Ireland rector, Rev Arthur Price, who subsequently became the Archbishop of Cashel. Richard's son, the famous Arthur Guinness, became the ale brewer to the Archbishop's household, and it was a £100 legacy from Price that gave him the capital to purchase in 1756 the first Guinness brewery in Leixlip. It prospered and three years later, in 1759, Arthur Guinness purchased the St James's Gate brewery.
The architect of the huge Guinness fortune was Arthur Guinness's great-great grandson, Edward Cecil Guinness. He was only 21 when he inherited a half-share of the brewery and before he was 30 he had bought out his elder brother, Lord Ardilaun's, shares in the St James's Gate for the equivalent of £34 million in today's money. Ten years later, in 1886, Edward Cecil, who was created the first Earl of Iveagh, brought Guinness public and enriched himself to the tune of £300 million in today's money, while retaining more than 50 per cent of the shares.
Edward Cecil Guinness had three sons, Rupert, Ernest and Walter. The three were extremely close, and when he died in 1927 at the age of 80, Edward Cecil left his controlling interest in the company equally to them. Rupert, the 2nd Earl of Iveagh, became Chairman of Guinness, as did, eventually, the third Earl of Iveagh, Benjamin Guinness, who lived at Farmleigh and who died of cancer seven years ago in 1992. He was only 55 years of age, and held a unique distinction of having been a member of the Oireachtas, appointed a Senator by Liam Cosgrave, and a member of the House of Lords in Britain.
Benjamin's eldest son Edward, the 4th Earl of Iveagh, like his older sister Lady Emma, was born in Farmleigh, the house the family is now selling. The two younger children of Benjamin and Countess Miranda Iveagh, Lady Louisa and the Hon Rory Guinness, were born in a Dublin nursing home.
According to a spokesman for the family all four children have houses in Ireland, and the two boys are members of the Kildare St Club. Lady Miranda now lives in London and Scotland, where she was born, but remains a member of the board of St Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin and of the Iveagh Trust.
Untold millions of pints of Guinness has been good for the extended
Guinness family. Although the family holding in the company, now inelegantly
called Diagio, has been diluted to just 3%, it is still sufficient to
establish the family as the 26th richest in Britain.
This site was last updated 11/27/02